This was the topic discussed by our members at a recent meeting of the Business Exposure Group.
As a business you need to know how you are performing. Should the management pack consist of a one page summary, or should it be more extensive, and what should be included in it?
Most businesses include KPI’s/ Action plan and corrective action/ Profit and Loss showing period against the budget/ Aged Debtors/ Staff headcount/ Cash at bank/ Capital expenditure / Cash Flow forecast.
These are all essential pieces of information needed to enable you to get an overall picture of what is happening in your business at this particular moment.
The figures should be monitored on a regular monthly basis, say 5 days from the month end, with time set aside in the diary to study them and ask questions. This is the best way to monitor your working capital and decide whether you need to invest more time in chasing payments. Armed with the information you can get the business to perform better – control costs/ improve margins/ boost cashflow/ reduce risk through better management.
Management accounts are used to help plan and control activities of the business and to assist in decision making. Information should be shared with staff members, as it will help them understand where to focus their energy and avoid big surprises at the end of the year. Often visual graphs make the figures easier to understand, and can highlight both positive and negative trends.
Information can be obtained to identify seasonal differences, plan dividend payments and other remuneration.
One of our members felt that his management accounts produced figures that were too focussed on the present, but it’s up to you to interpret them and spot trends. Consider burn rate, ie how long can you last if no more sales were achieved beyond those already known, therefore unnecessary costs must be dumped.
Looking at management accounts should not be seen as an additional administrative burden. All this information is there to help you decide about – adjustment of stock levels, hiring of extra staff to meet demand, investment in marketing, discounting or discontinuing certain product lines or services. Nowadays with the common use of Xero accounting software there is no longer a need to wait a full month before knowing the financial position of your business. The use of accounting software allows companies to produce information on demand.
Our Business Exposure Group members were all aware of the value of regularly reviewing their management accounts and agreed that they were important for the business to progress, but some felt they did not give sufficient attention to the definitive information available.